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Om Tamiler

I dag snakker over 80 millioner mennesker tamil i  verden. Tamil er blant de eldste språkene som  stammer fra  den drividiske språkgruppen. Arkeologiske funn fra 300 år f.kr. inneholder tamilsk skrift som kan identifiseres med dagens tamilske skrift.

Tamilske kultur:

Mat:

Nymalt krydder

Mange av kryddersortene som man bruker i det tamilske kjøkkenet, kan virke eksotiske og ukjente for nordmenn. Men etter hvert som forskjellige etniske grupper har etablert seg i Norge, finner man alt man trenger i innvandrerbutikkene, eller i velassorterte dagligvarebutikker.

Nymalte krydder er viktig i tamilsk matlaging. For å få den eksotiske og originale smaken, er det best å male krydder i små mengder og oppbevare dem i små lufttette bokser.

 

Høytider:

Pongal er en høytid for tamiler og feires den 14. januar. Feiringen inneholder masse aktivitet på tre dager på rad.

Pongal betyr «koke» på tamilsk. Det er ofte tamiler som feirer dette. Festen har ikke noe med hinduismen å gjøre, derfor kan alle feire den. pongal er en takkefest for sola. fordi den gir avlinger, mat sollys osv. Alle hinduer må be en gang før de drar til feiringen. Dette er en forutsetning for deltagelse i feiringen.

Pongal er også en type mat som man lager når det er Pongal, fordi maten er hellig.
Klær:

Kunst:

Danseformen «koothu»

Koothu  alternatively spelt as kuttu, means dance or performance in Tamil; it is a folk art originated from the early Tamil country.[1][2] But more precisely Koothu refers to either Terukuttu (Tamil:தெருக்கூத்து) or Kattaikkuttu. The terms Terukkuttu and Kattaikkuttu are often used interchangeably in modern times; however, historically the two terms appear to have distinguished, at least in certain villages, between two different kinds of performance: while Terukkuttu referred to mobile performances in a procession, Kattaikkuttu denotes overnight, narrative performances at a fixed performance space. Koothu as a form of entertainment reached its peak hundreds of years ago in Tamil Nadu,[3] as mentioned in the Sangam texts about the development of iyal (literature), isai (music) and natagam (drama). Going beyond just a means of entertainment, koothu educates the rural people about religion and their history.

Kilde:wikipedia

Danseformen Bharatanatyam

Bharatanatyam is one of the most popular and widely practiced classical dance styles of India, with sculptural evidence dating back nearly 3000 years. A highly spiritual and dedicatory dance form, Bharatanatyam‘s roots go back to the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu, in South India. The dance moved from temples to theaters over time, but has retained its characteristic devotional component, expression of human emotions, and stylized storytelling. The flexibility of the Bharatanatyam framework lends itself well to both traditional themes as well as modern day subjects. Originally performed only by female soloists, Bharatanatyam is now performed by male and female soloists as well as ensembles all over the world. In its present form, Bharatanatyam is approximately 200 years old, and continues to evolve as a “living” performance art.

Bharatanatyam is comprised of three main aspects – nritta, or technical dance, with a sophisticated base vocabulary used to build intricate combinations and rhythmic patterns that does not convey any specific meaning; nritya, or expressional dance, using facial expressions, highly stylized gestures, postures and body language to convey any mood; and natya, or dramatic storytelling. All of these aspects are codified in the Natya Shastra, the ancient Indian treatise on dance and theater arts, and are used in harmony to uplift the audience and the dancer to a higher level of contentment and spiritual consciousness.

Kilde: http://www.kalavandanam.com/about-bharatanatyam/

 

Villu paatu:

is an ancient form of musical story-telling where narration is interspersed with music, art of South Kerala and Kanyakumari district and in Thovalai of Tamil Nadu. ... The songs used by the Villu Pattu artists are mostly traditional folk-songs.

Yarl

 

Miruthangam:

Miruthangam is a classical double headed percussion instrument of Tamil origin. Along with its ancestor the Mathalam, Miruthangam is one of the most ancient of rhythmic instruments. It is commonly referred to as the “King of percussion” instruments.

 Miruthangam is used primarily as a rhythmic accompaniment in a Carnatic music ensemble including vocal, instrumental and Bharatha Natyam dance performances.

In its ancient form it is said to have been played by Sivaperuman (Lord Siva) and Nanthikeshwar (Lord Nanthi) making it a divine instrument, it is thus called the Theva Vaathiyam (Instrument of the lords).

Parai

The Parai is one of the oldest drums used especially in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, and also in the northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. It is considered as one of the symbols of Tamil culture. In ancient days, this instrument was used as a communication mechanism to convey messages to people and alert against danger. The word Thappu came into practice predominantly during Nayakar's rule in Tamil Nadu. It is believed to be the mother of all skin instruments in Tamil Nadu.

It consists of a circular wooden frame with one end closed with cow skin membrane and the other end open. Thappu is played with two sticks, one being larger and thinner than the other.[1] It is performed in dances, funerals, temple festivals and sport events. Thappu drum or Parai drum is also played to invoke the deities at Madras temples.

Kurunthokai mentions that Parai was used as an auspicious instrument in weddings. It was also used to alert the people in flood time. A type of parai called Ari parai was used in harvest time to make the birds fly off from the fields.[2] Another type of parai called Perum parai is found only in the Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu.[3]

The parai that is played while dancing is called parai aattam Tamil: (Parai Dance), and is also referred to as Adavu Tamil. The parai aattam is a folk art in Tamil Nadu.

Fløyter

Nadhaswaram:

The nadaswaram, nagaswaram, nadhaswaram or nathaswaram, is a double reed wind instrument. It is a traditional classical instrument originated in Tamil Nadu and also used in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala.

Thavil :

Thavil or Tavil is a barrel (drum) shaped heavy hand percussion instrument from Tamil Nadu. It is used in temple, folk and Carnatic music, often accompanying the nadaswaram. The thavil and the nadaswaram are essential components of traditional festivals and ceremonies in South India.

 

Siddha-medisin:

National Institute of Siddha - About Siddha Medicine

The Siddha System of Medicine (Traditional Tamil System of medicine), which has been prevalent in the ancient Tamil land, is the foremost of all other medical systems in the world. Its origin goes back to B.C 10,000 to B.C 4,000. As per the textual and archeological evidences which indicate the remote antiquity of the Dravidian civilization of the erstwhile submerged  land Kumarikandam, that is the Lemuria continent situated in the Indian ocean, the Siddha System of Medicine is  contemporaneous with those of the submerged lands Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Chinese and Grecian medicines. The uniqueness of Siddha System is evident by its continuous service to the humanity for more than 5000 years in combating diseases and also in maintaining its physical, mental and moral health while many of its contemporaries had become extinct long ago.

The roots of the ancient Siddha System are intertwined with the mythology and culture of the ancient Tamil civilization that existed in the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula, predating much of recorded history.

Mythically, the origin of Siddha is attributed to Lord Siva, who is supposed to have handed it down to his consort Parvathi (Shakthi), who in turn  passed on the sacred knowledge to Nandi, from whom it was transmitted to the first of "Siddhars". Siddha is a Tamil word derived from "siddhi" -- attaining perfection in life or heavenly bliss.

Skulpturkunst

Katamaran:

Katamaran (av tamil) er en type båt eller skip med to skrog som er forbundet med hverandre gjennom bjelker eller ei plattform. Båttypen, som nedtammer fra stokkebåten, ble trolig oppfunnet av paravas-folket, et fiskersamfunn på sørkysten av Tamil Nadu i India. Den var i bruk alt under det tamilske Chola-dynastiet (i det 5. århundre), herunder også da disse ville erobre fjerntliggende områder i Burma, Indonesia og Malaysia i Sørøst-Asia. Katamaraner er spesielt hurtige båter.

Benevnelsen stammer fra tamilsk og er sammensatt av av ordene kattu (bundet) og maram (tre), altså i betydningen sammenbundne trestokker.